Georgia Parents Fight Military High School
By Jimmy Tobias
From the July 24, 2009
The U.S. Marine Corps and the DeKalb County school board have
postponed their plans to establish a military-themed high school
after more than 100 parents, students, peace activists and veterans
in the Atlanta-area community waged a two-month campaign against it.
"No one had successfully opposed one of these schools before," said
Tim Franzen, the American Friends Service Committee staffer who
helped lead the campaign. "We had to go up against the board of
education and possibly the most powerful entity in the world, the
American military-industrial complex."
The activists fought the school because they believe it would be used
as a tool to recruit youth in the Atlanta suburbs into the military,
a charge both the school's planners and Marine Corps have denied.
The DeKalb Marine Institute (DMI), which was scheduled to open on
Aug. 10, has been postponed indefinitely.
Dale Davis, a spokesman for the DeKalb County Board of Education,
said that the opposition did not have an impact on the local school
board's decision to put DMI on hold. Instead, he attributed the
decision to the Marine Corps' failure to sign a "memorandum of
agreement," which would have committed it to funding and operating
the project at an initial cost of $1.4 million.
Franzen and local activists are skeptical of Davis' claim.
"We showed up at every single [school] board meeting, first with
dozens and then with at least a hundred people," Franzen said. "By
June, we were controlling the story, dominating the public discourse
and our campaign was all over the press. … As a result, we put them
in the hot seat."
The decision in Georgia comes as the military is taking an
ever-increasing role in U.S. public education. The Associated Press
reported June 28 that the Marine Corps is in discussion with at least
six school districts including locations in suburban Atlanta, Las
Vegas and New Orleans. These schools will require students to wear a
uniform, participate in Junior Reserve Officer Training Corps (JROTC)
and take military classes.
Obama's Secretary of Education Arne Duncan championed military high
schools during his seven-year tenure as CEO of the Chicago school
district, helping to open five military-themed schools.
The military academies are part of a greater trend, as the U.S.
military works to increase the number of JROTC programs. Last year,
the JROTC program received funding in a defense policy bill to
increase the number of units from 3,400 to 3,700 in the next 11 years.
"I think what we are seeing today is a new infusion of militarism
into our schools," said Arlene Inouye of the Coalition for
Alternatives to Militarism in Our Schools. "It is subtle, but it is
embedding education with a military structure. … It is always done
insidiously, behind the backs of the community. It is the military way."
Although other communities, such as Chicago, have rallied against
military academies, they have had little success in stopping them.
"Teachers in Chicago have been fighting [the schools], but they have
not been able to stop it the same way they have in Atlanta," Inouye
said. "DeKalb is considered a model in terms of organizing and
coalition building with students, parents, teachers and veterans."
While these schools continue to sprout up across the country, there
are questions about their legality. During the DeKalb campaign, the
ACLU of Georgia drafted a resolution stating that "the U.S. military
continues to engage in tactics designed to recruit students under the
age of seventeen, despite its binding obligation to only recruit
persons seventeen and older" under the Optional Protocol to the
Convention on the Rights of the Child. This protocol, which the
United States Senate ratified on June 18, 2002, makes it illegal for
any government agency at the federal, state or local level to recruit
children under the age of seventeen for military service.
The ACLU cited DMI as an example of underage recruitment activity,
saying "the Dekalb County Marine Corp Institute will be funded in
part by the Marine Corps out of its recruitment budget, will expose
students under the age of seventeen to military discipline, military
culture, and military training, and could become a pipeline for
targeted minority recruitment into the military."
Spokesman Dale Davis denied claims that the school in Dekalb County
would be used for recruitment, labeling them "speculation." When
asked how the DeKalb County School System would ensure that the
schools would not be used for recruitment, he said the aforementioned
memorandum of agreement that has been drafted but not yet signed by
the school system and the Marines contained assurances to that end.
He refused to provide a draft of the memorandum, however.
For its part, the Marine Corps says that if DMI goes forward, it will
be funded by its Training and Education Command rather than its
Recruitment Command. The Marines said that the school was meant to
provide students with a disciplined environment and a rigorous math
and science curriculum, nothing more.
"Some students find that they thrive in environments that focus
efforts through team building, leadership development and a greater
degree of discipline," said 1st Lieutenant Joy Crabaugh, a
spokesperson for the Marines. "JROTC programs can help provide an
atmosphere conducive to disciplined development."
The DeKalb activists are aware that their purported victory may be
short-lived. In a June 2 press release announcing the postponement of
DMI, the DeKalb County school system said that it "will continue to
communicate with the Marine Corps with hopes of finalizing an
agreement. If accomplished, the school system will move forward with
plans to open the school in August of 2010."
Latasha Walker, who has a daughter enrolled in a DeKalb county school
system, and was active in the campaign, recognizes the need to keep
pressure on the school board.
"We definitely need to continue making sure that they never build a
DMI," she said. "The school board is very sneaky."
Franzen agreed. He plans to attend all Dekalb County board of
education meetings for the foreseeable future in order to monitor the
situation, he said. In addition, he and a handful of fellow
campaigners went to the National Counter-Recruitment and
Demilitarization Conference in Chicago, July 17-19, to reach out to
potential allies and devise new strategies to combat what they call
the "militarization of public education."